Varicose veins: How to remove
Varicose veins treatments. The main causes and treatments for varicose veins. We'll give you the keys to treat this unaesthetic problem known as varicosities. Varicose veins removal.
- Sclerotherapy, cryolipolysis, endovenous laser... all of this treatments have for objective to get rid of unaesthetic varicose veins.
- Today, treatments are less and less invasive. Take notes on the newest treatments and processesto remove varicose veins.
What are varicose veins. Step by step to reduce varicose veins
Varicose veins are a very frequent problem. 50% of women and 40% of men will suffer from a vascular problem at one point of their lives, especially spider veins or varicosities. The causes of varicose veins: return circulation deficiency in the inferior part of the body, normally produced by a venous insufficiency, and that grows when people have works requiring standing up for a long time. The veins valves fail and can't move the blood upwards, blocking it hence the apparition of unaesthetic varicose veins.
Symptoms of varicose veins: What does varicose veins look like?
Varicose veins are dilated and inflamed veins and, therefore they are bigger. This may indicate an internal vascular problem. On the other hand, spider veins are superficially localized small veins, forming ramifications. They are very thin (less than 1,5 mm), and have very little hemoglobin. This is nearly exclusively a feminine problem (it affects 60% of the adult population in Europe and the USA). In both cases, it's important to have them diagnosed by a vascular specialist. Even if sometimes both are referred to in the same manner, they don't have the same prognostic or treatment.
Causes of varicose veins: The main cause of varicose veins
One of the biggest triggering factor for its apparition are abrupt hormonal changes: pregnancy, menopause, cellulite, sedentary, staying in the same position for a long time and even stress. The main concern is that one they have appeared, it's very difficult to get rid of them. So what is there that can be done? Today, the treatments used are sclerotherapy and laser, separately or combined (especially for spider veins) and stripping for varicose veins, but this isn't a surgical treatment.
Before doing anything, it's necessary to have a vascular diagnosis, to determine if the problem can be solved with an aesthetic medical specialist, with a dermatologist or if it's necessary to consult a doctor specialized in the elimination of varicose veins with micro-surgery.
Varicose veins removal: Best treatments for varicose veins
The continuous medical advances permit that we can nowadays treat venous insufficiency (varicosities) with different techniques. Scientific studies have put in evidence the efficiency of nearly non-invasive treatments of varicose veins.
A risk exists in any surgical procedure. Nevertheless, nearly non-invasive treatments luckily have less complications associated with varicose veins who have not been taken care of for long periods of time.
Today, there are different surgical procedures to get rid of varicose veins. Choosing the most appropriate treatment depends on the grade of the venous insufficiency evolution and the morphology of the veins.
Laser treatment (minimally invasive)
Radiofrequency treatment (minimally invasive)
Conservative treatment to get rid of varicose veins
This treatment is based on vascular rehabilitation, using elastic tights and anti-varicosities medicine.
The compression tights of daily use, significantly reduce the symptoms and legs swelling. Their particular gradual elasticity favors blood flow from the bottom to the top. There are different kinds of grades depending on the compression needed. This compression is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm-Hg) and varies from 10 mm-Hg for light varicose veins to 50 mm-Hg for complex ones.
There are two types of elastic tights (preventive and nocturnal). The tights have to be prescribed by a specialist who will, upon a diagnostic of the severity of the varicose veins, prescribe the grade of compression needed.
Complementary pharmacological treatment is based on natural supplements to counteract the deformations causer by the varicose veins, nonetheless they aren't capable of eliminating varicose veins.
Surgical treatment to get rid of varicose veins
This surgical treatment consists in extracting the varicose vein through the introduction of a probe (also known as « Stripping »).
After the anesthesia, an incision of approximately 3 cm is made. Then the surgeon proceeds to the extraction of the damaged vein from the top to the bottom. At this point, through manual processes the leg is drained to prevent bruising and other problems.
After the surgery, the leg is covered with an elastic compressive bandage (for 7 days).
BEven if this is the “oldest” surgical treatment to cure varicose veins, it's still a decisive technique and has a low percentage of complications. 7 days after this procedure, it's possible to go back to work and realize habitual tasks.
Laser treatment to remove varicose veins (endolaser)
It's the latest in varicose veins treatments. This minimally invasive technique is recommended for bigger varicose veins without having to go to surgery. It consists in applying laser into the vein through optic fiber.
The energy of the laser, the same kind used in other medicine fields (dermatology, aesthetic medicine, opthalmologic surgery) is produced by a generator linked to a probe. The heat produced by the tip of the catheter laser definitively closes the vein.
The treatment is done in ambulatory, under local anesthesia and lasts for about 30 minutes. In comparison with surgery, this technique is faster and requires less time of postoperative recuperation.
Closing the veins doesn't cause any harm to the body because the blood is always transported immediately and spontaneously to healthy veins. The intervention starts with an incision in the skin (a few millimeters) to introduce a very thin needle with an ultrasound scan to direct, the needle is introduced in the intern vein above the knee.
At the end of the procedure, the leg is covered with a compressive bandage that needs to be kept for 2-3 days. After that the patient will have to use elastic tights for 7 days and can go back to his usual activities except, hot baths and gymnastics.
The treatment is painless and only in rare cases a light burning sensation can appear, it can be alleviated with analgesics. The success rate with the laser treatment is of 98% with a recurrence rate that varies between 3% and 4%.
The main advantages of the laser treatment in comparison with other methods:
Short procedure with local anesthesia, Painless procedure, Immediate disappearance of the symptoms associated with venous insufficiency, No aesthetic damages with a small incision of approximately 3 mm, Improvement of the aesthetic aspect of the leg, Immediate resumption of daily activities.